With over 15 years of history, Bulgaria is established in support services relating to online gambling, including software development at various levels of the value chain; technical and customer support and back office functions.
A range of mainly British, Gibraltarian and Israeli players run substantial Bulgarian operations (e.g., Ladbrokes, Playtech, Bwin.party, William Hill, SB Tech).
A strong outsourcing industry more generally provides the backdrop to online gambling support.
Bulgarian developers and support agents are generally seen as capable of high-quality output and possessing excellent intercultural skills. The timezone (UTC +2), places Bulgaria close in its working day to several large global markets.
Bulgaria generally ranks in the top tier for Internet speed and accessibility. The average connection speed in Bulgaria is 15,815 kbps, with average peak connection speeds of 59,048 kbps according to data from Akamai’s State of the Internet report. 4 Mbps broadband penetration reaches 96.8% and 15 Mbps broadband penetration at 40.2%. The advantageous Internet infrastructure makes it ideal to base servers or staff that remotely support the online gambling operators.
On the risks side, due to the smaller labour market, it might be harder to scale beyond a certain size particularly over a short period of time.
The Bulgarian Gambling Act (most recently updated in 2014) allows the licensing of online gaming operators.
Substantial policy efforts have been invested in modernising legislation. The government has focused on adopting best practices and sought to lower the barriers to licences and create a balanced regulatory environment in a favourable tax regime.
For example, exchange betting specialist Betfair was granted two online gambling licenses by Bulgaria‘s State Gambling Commission (SGC) in 2014. Betfair is authorized to offer sports betting (including exchange wagering) as well as wagers on horse and dog racing. Betfair was also separately licensed for online casinos and poker.
Operators are charged a one-off licensing fee of approximately US$ 56,000 plus 20% on the difference between the value of the bets received and the winnings paid out, except that games which involve the collection (by the operator) of a commission or a fee for participation are instead charged a fee of 20% on the value of such commissions or fees collected.
An online gaming licensee may be a corporation established elsewhere in the EU (e.g., Malta). Once licensed, it may operate anywhere in the world subject to local laws and
In conclusion, Bulgaria may be an appropriate destination for online gambling operators.
Bulgaria’s gambling taxation regime together with the balanced regulations currently in place, makes the country attractive for local licensing and gambling operations based upon a low corporate tax and comparatively highly-qualified and low-priced technical specialists.
Stopping the improper use of insolvency proceedings
A client of our dispute resolution team (led by Kamen Shoylev and Yordan Neshkov) was recently the subject of an indirect claim by a Bulgarian bank with which this client has been engaged in a multi-stage dispute. Unusually, the bank acted through a vehicle registered in an African state, which made an unfounded claim in the tens of millions of euros against our client and sought the commencement of judicial insolvency proceedings against this client. The offshore vehicle was chosen to isolate the bank from liability and create certain evidential difficulties for our client's representation.
NBLO succeeded in terminating the insolvency proceedings, with direct loss fully awarded to our client. A second claim to recover our client's indirect losses is currently under way.
Where targeted in this way through insolvency proceedings, a company may be prevented from trading properly (e.g., by suffering restrictions on its financing or being unable to participate in public procurement).
Through our considerable experience in insolvency litigation, both entirely domestic and where there are European and cross-border elements, we are ideally placed to assist clients in resisting such attacks and recovering the real and considerable losses that may be suffered.
© New Balkans Law Office 2017