Certificate of Heirs - What is it, how does one obtain it and when is it useful?

The issue of official “certificate of heirship”

Foreign individuals who choose to live in Bulgaria may require legal advice on leaving their Bulgarian property behind after they pass away. Since Bulgaria has a system of ‘reserved shares’ (for certain categories of relatives) and since one may choose not to leave a will (or may consider the situation in which their will is for some reason not valid), one of those issues is how to prove heirship through a family relationship before the Bulgarian authorities.

Civil registries in Bulgaria

Bulgarian civil registration law provides that only foreign nationals who are long-term or permanent residents are required to register in municipal Civil Registries.

As the civil registry keeps records on the name(s), civil and martial status, descendants of persons on the Registers, in such cases foreign individuals should have no problem obtaining a Certificate of Inheritance (“удостоверение за наследници” in Bulgarian).

What if someone who has Bulgarian assets has not registered in Bulgaria, either because they were informed they did not qualify or because they were unaware of the possibility?

The problem from the perspective of a British/Irish national

The problem of proving the heirship arises often with UK citizens, as the British / Irish authorities do not provide a document similar to the Bulgarian Certificate of Inheritance.

The lack of such official document (whether named Certificate of Heirs, Inheritance Certificate, Succession Certificate, etc.), proving the capacity of heir creates the following problems most commonly:

Proving the capacity of heir of a deceased owner of shares in a Bulgarian limited liability company in case of the inheritance of shares;

Proof before a Notary in the transfer of property owned by the deceased;

- Proof of capacity of heir to participate in judicial or administrative proceedings.

Solutions

As a result of the above, Bulgarian authorities often refuse services to a person who claims to be an heir, citing the lack of "official documents" proving that capacity.

New Balkans Law Office has developed practical know-how and various ways to deal with the matter depending on the facts of the case and we find that the vast majority of these situations are resolvable.

We are happy to advise and propose a solution. Please contact us on our Sofia or London numbers or by e-mail for more information.



Recent work:

Stopping the improper use of insolvency proceedings

A client of our dispute resolution team (led by Kamen Shoylev and Yordan Neshkov) was recently the subject of an indirect claim by a Bulgarian bank with which this client has been engaged in a multi-stage dispute. Unusually, the bank acted through a vehicle registered in an African state, which made an unfounded claim in the tens of millions of euros against our client and sought the commencement of judicial insolvency proceedings against this client. The offshore vehicle was chosen to isolate the bank from liability and create certain evidential difficulties for our client's representation.

NBLO succeeded in terminating the insolvency proceedings, with direct loss fully awarded to our client. A second claim to recover our client's indirect losses is currently under way.

Where targeted in this way through insolvency proceedings, a company may be prevented from trading properly (e.g., by suffering restrictions on its financing or being unable to participate in public procurement).

Through our considerable experience in insolvency litigation, both entirely domestic and where there are European and cross-border elements, we are ideally placed to assist clients in resisting such attacks and recovering the real and considerable losses that may be suffered.

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