Bulgaria as an online gambling services location

Bulgaria's online gambling industry

With over 15 years of history, Bulgaria is established in support services relating to online gambling, including software development at various levels of the value chain; technical and customer support and back office functions.

A range of mainly British, Gibraltarian and Israeli players run substantial Bulgarian operations (e.g., Ladbrokes, Playtech, Bwin.party, William Hill, SB Tech).

A strong outsourcing industry more generally provides the backdrop to online gambling support.

Bulgarian developers and support agents are generally seen as capable of high-quality output and possessing excellent intercultural skills.  The timezone (UTC +2), places Bulgaria close in its working day to several large global markets.

Bulgaria generally ranks in the top tier for Internet speed and accessibility. The average connection speed in Bulgaria is 15,815 kbps, with average peak connection speeds of 59,048 kbps according to data from Akamai’s State of the Internet report. 4 Mbps broadband penetration reaches 96.8% and 15 Mbps broadband penetration at 40.2%. The advantageous Internet infrastructure makes it ideal to base servers or staff that remotely support the online gambling operators.

On the risks side, due to the smaller labour market, it might be harder to scale beyond a certain size particularly over a short period of time.

Bulgaria as an online gaming licensing base

The Bulgarian Gambling Act (most recently updated in 2014) allows the licensing of online gaming operators.

Substantial policy efforts have been invested in modernising legislation. The government has focused on adopting best practices and sought to lower the barriers to licences and create a balanced regulatory environment in a favourable tax regime.

For example, exchange betting specialist Betfair was granted two online gambling licenses by Bulgaria‘s State Gambling Commission (SGC) in 2014. Betfair is authorized to offer sports betting (including exchange wagering) as well as wagers on horse and dog racing. Betfair was also separately licensed for online casinos and poker.

Operators are charged a one-off licensing fee of approximately US$ 56,000 plus 20% on the difference between the value of the bets received and the winnings paid out, except that games which involve the collection (by the operator) of a commission or a fee for participation are instead charged a fee of 20% on the value of such commissions or fees collected.

An online gaming licensee may be a corporation established elsewhere in the EU (e.g., Malta). Once licensed, it may operate anywhere in the world subject to local laws and
regulations.

In conclusion, Bulgaria may be an appropriate destination for online gambling operators. 

Bulgaria’s gambling taxation regime together with the balanced regulations currently in place, makes the country attractive for local licensing and gambling operations based upon a low corporate tax and comparatively highly-qualified and low-priced technical specialists.



Recent work:

Asset tracing and fraud: Use of evidence from parallel criminal proceedings in a civil trial

Over the last year, we have assisted the victims of a multi-million dollar large-scale international fraud. Certain of the scheme’s operations were embedded in Bulgaria’s thriving business process outsourcing (BPO) ecosystem.

As part of our representation for clients, we have pursued a claim in a regional Bulgarian court (the organisers of the fraudulent scheme having transferred the registration of the relevant entity to a disused building in that location). We were pleased to obtain a very helpful intervention from the court at first instance including an order to append files containing a substantial amount of evidence generated through a criminal investigation into the fraud to the civil case. This provides rich evidential pickings for proceedings which are either already being conducted or are being contemplated in a range of international jurisdictions as well as Bulgaria.

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