Q: How is the management of a complex regulated? What do I need to be aware of? [Condominium Act etc]
The Bulgarian Condominium Management Act (“CMA”) is a statute which regulates relations between owners in a development. The owners may have also approved a governing document which further fleshes out the way in which the running of the development is organised.
By law, the owners of units in a property development can use the common areas of the development and share in their management. Each owner has a right to enjoy his property without interference from the others.
According to art. 6 CMA, owners must also:
- not cause damage to other properties within the development and common areas;
- avoid causing more than minimal inconvenience to other owners or occupants;
- not tamper with any part of the development (whether buildings, shared areas, etc.) intended for general use;
- comply with the resolutions of the governing bodies of the development;
- cover the cost of repairs, reconstruction and renovation of the common parts, its facilities and equipment, and contribute to a fund for the "repair and improvement" of the development, in proportion to their share of the commonhold;
- bear the cost of the management and maintenance of common parts;
- comply with health and safety regulations and standards of hygiene;
- provide access to their own property or parts thereof, if necessary for the investigation of, design and planning of, or conduct of repairs, renovations etc, as above.
Typically, the General Assembly of Commonhold Owners chooses a Manager (which in larger developments may be a maintenance company co-owned by all unit owners or set up as a business), such Manager running the day-to-day affairs of the development.
Stopping the improper use of insolvency proceedings
A client of our dispute resolution team (led by Kamen Shoylev and Yordan Neshkov) was recently the subject of an indirect claim by a Bulgarian bank with which this client has been engaged in a multi-stage dispute. Unusually, the bank acted through a vehicle registered in an African state, which made an unfounded claim in the tens of millions of euros against our client and sought the commencement of judicial insolvency proceedings against this client. The offshore vehicle was chosen to isolate the bank from liability and create certain evidential difficulties for our client's representation.
NBLO succeeded in terminating the insolvency proceedings, with direct loss fully awarded to our client. A second claim to recover our client's indirect losses is currently under way.
Where targeted in this way through insolvency proceedings, a company may be prevented from trading properly (e.g., by suffering restrictions on its financing or being unable to participate in public procurement).
Through our considerable experience in insolvency litigation, both entirely domestic and where there are European and cross-border elements, we are ideally placed to assist clients in resisting such attacks and recovering the real and considerable losses that may be suffered.
© New Balkans Law Office 2019