Q: Do I have to register a company in Bulgaria in order to take part in public tenders? If I have a local partner, do I have to set up a joint venture in Bulgaria in order to take part in public tenders?
A: As a matter of first principles, any individual or organization can take part in a public procurement process in Bulgaria, irrespective of whether they are Bulgarian or foreign resident or registered.
Consortia and associations of such persons enjoy this right likewise.
However, the awarding authority would typically issue tender documentation containing precise requirements regarding the legal form, legal, financial and technical capabilities expected of participants in the tender.
It is a common for organizations to form joint ventures with local partners in order to more easily meet the requirements set by the awarding authority. Local partners may have good know-how and this may be one of the reasons why you wish to work with them, but you and they do not have to form a joint venture. A joint venture can be structured as either a new organization separate from those of the two joint venture partners or as a contractual arrangement negotiated with a local partner.
Asset tracing and fraud: Use of evidence from parallel criminal proceedings in a civil trial
Over the last year, we have assisted the victims of a multi-million dollar large-scale international fraud. Certain of the scheme’s operations were embedded in Bulgaria’s thriving business process outsourcing (BPO) ecosystem.
As part of our representation for clients, we have pursued a claim in a regional Bulgarian court (the organisers of the fraudulent scheme having transferred the registration of the relevant entity to a disused building in that location). We were pleased to obtain a very helpful intervention from the court at first instance including an order to append files containing a substantial amount of evidence generated through a criminal investigation into the fraud to the civil case. This provides rich evidential pickings for proceedings which are either already being conducted or are being contemplated in a range of international jurisdictions as well as Bulgaria.
© New Balkans Law Office 2018